History Resources

Africa and Slavery – African History on the Internet

This annotated guide to Internet resources on slavery and the African Diaspora is part of Stanford University Libraries’ “Africa South of the Sahara” Internet resource guide.

The African-American Mosaic
This resource guide leads to documents in the Library of Congress collection that are relevant to black history and culture. Topics include colonization, abolition, migration, and the WPA interviews with former slaves.

African-American Odyssey: A Quest for Citizenship

This Online exhibit showcases the incomparable African-American holdings at the Library of Congress. It includes links to Library of Congress collections including the Frederick Douglass Papers, “From Slavery to Freedom: The African-American Pamphlet Collection, 1824-1909,” and “Slaves and the Courts, 1740-1860.”

Africans in America
This companion site to the PBS television series “Africans in America” examines the history of slavery in America in four chronological parts. It offers historical narratives, a resource bank of images and documents, and a teacher’s guide to using the site and series in the classroom.

This site is devoted to African American genealogy, to researching African Ancestry in the Americas in particular and to genealogical research and resources in general. It is also an African Ancestry research community featuring the AfriGeneas mail list, the AfriGeneas message boards and daily and weekly genealogy chats.

The Atlantic Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Americas: A Visual Record
This site provides a collection of images related to American slave trade and slave societies. The images were compiled from a variety of sources and are comprised primarily of visual documents dating to the period of slavery. The exhibit is sponsored by the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities and by the Digital Media Lab at the University of Virginia.

Avery Research Center for African American History and Culture
This site presents the Avery Center’s archival and museum collections of primary documents relating to the history and culture of African Americans in Charleston and South Carolina. The site also offers a schedule of center programs, including conferences, lectures, and exhibits

Black Past.org
BlackPast.org is a comprehensive website consisting of 13,000 page reference center dedicated to providing information to the general public on African American history and on the history of the more than one billion people of African ancestry around the world.

Brown University’s Choice Program
This curriculum unit explores the nature of the triangular trade and the extent of slavery in New England. Using readings, primary sources, and simulations, students uncover the effects of the slave trade and slavery for Americans and explore how history, and the telling of history, affects us today.

Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers’ Project, 1936-1938
This site contains transcripts from more than 2,000 first-person accounts of slavery collected in the 1930s under the sponsorship of the Works Progress Administration (WPA). It also includes 500 photographs of former slaves.

The Church in the Southern Black Community, 1780-1925
These digitized texts from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill libraries were compiled by the Library of Congress, and they reveal the development of Protestant Christianity within the African American community in the American South.

Digital History: African American Voices
This site offers links to primary documents related to slavery in America and essays on various aspects of the slave experience, including the middle passage, family life, economics, and abolition.

Documenting the American South: The Southern Experience in 19th-Century America

This site provides access to digitized texts, images, and audio files related to Southern history from the colonial period to the early 20th century. The collection of books, diaries, and letters offers a rich selection of sources on slavery and the African American experience. The site is sponsored by the University Library of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 

Freedmen and Southern Society Project
The Freedmen and Southern Society Project was established in 1976 to capture the essence of that revolution by depicting the drama of emancipation in the words of the participants: liberated slaves and defeated slaveholders, soldiers and civilians, common folk and the elite, Northerners and Southerners.

The Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance and Abolition
This site provides access to resources from the Yale Center for International and Area Studies, a division dedicated to the examination of the Atlantic slave system and its destruction. The site addresses academic studies of the role of slavery, slave resistance, and abolition, and it links to information regarding curriculum, bibliographies, and calendar of events.

Library of Virginia 
Virginia Untold – http://www.virginiamemory.com/collections/aan/

Making History: Transcribe – http://www.virginiamemory.com/transcribe/. This is a crowdsourcing web site. Volunteers who transcribe 18th and 19th century documents so that they can be more accessible to the public. Most of the documents found on Virginia Untold have been transcribed thanks to volunteers.

Out of the Box – http://www.virginiamemory.com/blogs/out_of_the_box/ . Contains many stories of African Americans found in our collections including the Jane Webb story

Legislative Petitions digital collection – http://www.virginiamemory.com/collections/petitions

Making History Connect – http://connect.virginiamemory.com/ User engagement web site where people can provide feedback about the collections.  Also, click on the bottom right for “Important Links”.

Library of Virginia 
Virginia Untold – http://www.virginiamemory.com/collections/aan/

Making History: Transcribe – http://www.virginiamemory.com/transcribe/. This is a crowdsourcing web site. Volunteers who transcribe 18th and 19th century documents so that they can be more accessible to the public. Most of the documents found on Virginia Untold have been transcribed thanks to volunteers.

Out of the Box – http://www.virginiamemory.com/blogs/out_of_the_box/ . Contains many stories of African Americans found in our collections including the Jane Webb story

Legislative Petitions digital collection – http://www.virginiamemory.com/collections/petitions

Lowcountry Africana
Lowcountry Africana, sponsored by the Magnolia Plantation Foundation of Charleston, South Carolina, is a free website dedicated to African American genealogy and history in South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, home to the rich Gullah-Geechee cultural heritage.

Low Country Digital History-
African Passages, Low Country Adaptations (APLA)
This online exhibition series about the history of slavery and the trans-Atlantic slave trade in Charleston, South Carolina and the surrounding Lowcountry region is apart of the Lowcountry Digital Library (LCDL) which produces digital collections and projects that support research about the Lowcountry region of South Carolina and historically interconnected sites in the Atlantic World. LCDL helps students, scholars, and a wide range of public audiences develop a better understanding of the history and culture of the South Carolina Lowcountry relative to the nation and the world

Making of America (MOA)
Cornell University Library’s contributions
University of Michigan’s contributions 
These digitized collections offer primary and secondary sources dealing with the social history of America from the Antebellum period through reconstruction.

National Underground Railroad Freedom Center
This site is noteworthy because of its comprehensive encyclopedia of people and places associated with the Underground Railroad. It also contains links to related sites useful for students and educators.

Pathways to Freedom: Maryland and the Underground Railroad
Designed to help Maryland students in Grades 4 and 8 look more closely at Maryland’s people, stories, and events of that surrounded this important effort. 

Reconstruction: The Second Civil War
This site serves as a companion to THE AMERICAN EXPERIENCE series on the reconstruction period in America. The site’s features include a map detailing post-war developments in diverse regions of the country, an examination of African American participation in government, and a virtual road-trip with the films’ production team.

The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow
This companion site to WNET/Channel Thirteen’s television series examines the institutionalization of segregation following emancipation. It includes essays on the history of “Jim Crow” laws, related stories, interactive maps, activities, teacher resources, and more.

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
This site allows users to search the New York Public Library’s invaluable holdings of books, art objects, and videos related to the African Diaspora and African American culture and history. Of special interest are links to Digital Schomburg: Images of African Americans from the 19th Century, and “Lest we forget: The Triumph over Slavery,” an online version of the UNESCO traveling exhibition.

In Motion: The African-American Migration Experiencehttp://www.inmotionaame.org/about.cfm?bhcp=1
In Motion: The African-American Migration Experience presents more than 16,500 pages of texts, 8,300 illustrations, and more than 60 maps.The Web site is organized around thirteen defining migrations that have formed and transformed African America and the nation. 

The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database 
The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database comprises nearly 35,000 individual slaving expeditions between 1514 and 1866. Records of the voyages have been found in archives and libraries throughout the Atlantic world. They provide information about vessels, enslaved peoples, slave traders and owners, and trading routes. A variable (Source) cites the records for each voyage in the database. Other variables enable users to search for information about a particular voyage or group of voyages. The website provides full interactive capability to analyze the data and report results in the form of statistical tables, graphs, maps, or on a timeline.

Slavery in America
This site for educators, on “Slavery and the Making of America,” was created by series underwriters, New York Life. It includes an image gallery, lesson plans, an encyclopedia of topics relevant to slavery, and an interactive exhibition called “Roads to Freedom,” which examines the ways slaves faced the challenges of escape.

Slavery and Remembrance
A collaboration of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)’s Slave Route Project, The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, and dozens of sites and museums across the globe, Slavery and Remembrance aims to broaden our understandings of a shared past shaped by slavery and slave trade, the ways in which we collectively remember and forget, and the power of legacies to forge our present and future (Source: Slave and Remembrance website).

Third Person, First Person
This online exhibit reveals rare documents that recount the experience of slavery in America during the late 18th and 19th centuries from the point of view of the enslaved. The project belongs to the Duke University Special Collections Library.

The Princeton & Slavery Project
The Princeton and Slavery Project investigates the University’s involvement with the institution of slavery. 

Toward Racial Equality: HARPER’S WEEKLY Reports on Black America, 1857-1874
This site reveals a leading newspaper’s treatment of African Americans and the issues that affected them in Antebellum society and the Reconstruction period. The site includes digitized editorials, news stories, news briefs, cartoons, illustrations, advertisements, and other texts as well as an interactive game about Reconstruction for classroom use.

Voyage of the Slave Ship Sally, 1764-1765 (Brown University)The voyage of the Sally was an example of “the triangle trade.” Rum-laden Rhode Island ships sailed to Africa and acquired cargoes of Africans, who were carried to the plantation colonies of the Caribbean and sold. The ships returned home with holds filled with sugar and molasses, which was distilled into rum and shipped to Africa to produce more slaves, more sugar, and more rum. In the century before 1807, roughly 100,000 Africans were carried into New World slavery on Rhode Island ships, most to the Caribbean. The Sally’s voyage stands out for several reasons. It the best-documented Rhode Island slaving venture, but it was also one of the deadliest. The timing of the voyage was significant: 1764 marked the beginning of the imperial crisis between Great Britain and its thirteen mainland North American colonies. Drawn from holdings of the John Carter Brown Library and the Rhode Island Historical Society.

Educational Coloring Book Highlighting the Achievements of Enslaved People


Forced American Heroes Coloring and Activity Book was written and illustrated by one of our own members. These books feature both well-known and lesser-known enslaved people and their great stories and achievements, and children can color original pictures highlighting each of those achievements. Along with interactive activities, this book was designed to foster pride and a connection with the child and his or her own enslaved ancestors.